These two volumes are a collection of 42 articles written by experts, working in different fields of archaeology, history, and biology, and provide a wealth of information and perspectives on different aspects of human-animal relationships. This allows for a multidisciplinary approach to the study of past human-animal interactions. As these volumes consider several views and approaches, this approach offers a more thorough and nuanced understanding of the subject. These volumes also cover a wide range of time periods and geographic regions, enabling the readers to examine how human-animal interactions have changed through time and across different cultures and historical periods. This, in turn, helps provide a deeper understanding of the complex and dynamic nature of these interactions and how they have evolved over time.